Inventors and victors.
Battery-operated lights on ice skates, electric lighting and an electric doorbell at home, the first ideas for his own electric bicycle – Prof. Dr.-Ing. h.c. Ferdinand
The world’s first hybrid vehicle was unveiled to the public on 14 April 1900 at the World Exposition in Paris by Ludwig Lohner and the young Ferdinand
The recuperated energy powered a mechanical flywheel energy storage system in the form of an additional electric motor that was located in the front passenger area. If the driver called up the energy stored there, the flywheel was braked electromagnetically in the generator mode. This meant that the two electric motors on the front axle received sufficient electricity to provide an additional power output of up to 150kW (204hp) for up to eight seconds, meaning the 911 GT3 R Hybrid temporarily changed into a four-wheel drive.
One of the main deciding factors for the breakthrough of E-mobility is infrastructure. By founding the joint venture IONITY, the BMW Group, Daimler AG, Ford Motor Company and the Volkswagen Group, along with Audi and
* The published consumption (l/100km and Wh/km), emissions (g/km) and kilometre (km) range figures (excluding any
The specified charging outputs and times (hour/minutes) are dependent on various factors: in general, the charging output and time can vary due to physical and chemical limits, depending on factors such as the available output of the country-specific energy infrastructure, the customer's own domestic installation, the temperature, interior pre-conditioning and charging status, as well as the age of the battery. Charging times may therefore be significantly higher than those specified. To achieve the optimum value of the specified DC charging time (DC = direct current) for a charge status increase from 5 to 80%, a CCS (combined charging system) fast-charging pedestal with > 270kW and > 850V is required, as well as a battery temperature of 30°–35°C. The charging status when commencing charging must not exceed 5%. For physical and chemical reasons, the charging speed decreases as the battery approaches its full capacity. Therefore, it usually makes sense to use fast DC charging to charge the battery up to 80% or up to the required range. The predominant use of CCS fast charging pedestals leads to a long-term increase in charging times. For regular fast DC charging, we recommend a maximum charging output of 50kW. When charging in a domestic environment, AC charging (AC = alternating current) is recommended. Using an (AC) industrial electrical outlet will result in improved efficiency and a much shorter charging time compared to using a household socket.
Published figures should only be used for the purpose of comparison between vehicles. Please contact an Official